A esquerda brasileira e a percepção dos efeitos das fake news

  • Maria Dominguez Instituto Nacional de Ciência e Tecnologia em Democracia Digital, Salvador, Bahia, Brasil
  • Samuel Barros Universidade Federal do Recôncavo da Bahia, Santo Amaro, Bahia, Brasil
  • Tatiana Dourado Instituto Nacional de Ciência e Tecnologia em Democracia Digital, Salvador, Bahia, Brasil
Palavras-chave: Percepção de fake news, Efeito de Terceira Pessoa, Facebook

Resumo

Este artigo investiga hipóteses do Efeito de Terceira Pessoa relacionadas às fake news disseminadas no Facebook. Estudamos a avaliação da esquerda (n = 1317) sobre o efeito das fake news em si mesma e em outros grupos. Avaliamos as variáveis: i) capacidade de identificar fakenews, ii) frequência de checagem de fontes eiii) experiência anterior de já ter compartilhado fake news. Os resultados apontam que indivíduos tendem a superestimar o efeito negativo das fake news em outros grupos e a subestimar o efeito sobre si mesmos. A discrepância tende a aumentar entre aqueles que se consideram seguros para identificar fake news e aqueles que checam as fontes.

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Biografia do Autor

Maria Dominguez, Instituto Nacional de Ciência e Tecnologia em Democracia Digital, Salvador, Bahia, Brasil

Mestre em Comunicação e Cultura Contemporâneas pela Universidade Federal da Bahia. Pesquisadora no Instituto Nacional de Ciência e Tecnologia em Democracia Digital (INCT.DD).

Samuel Barros, Universidade Federal do Recôncavo da Bahia, Santo Amaro, Bahia, Brasil

Doutor em Comunicação e Cultura Contemporâneas pela Universidade Federal da Bahia (UFBA). Professor no Centro de Cultura, Linguagens e Tecnologias Aplicadas da Universidade Federal do Recôncavo da Bahia (Cecult-UFBR), Santo Amaro, Bahia, Brasil. Pesquisador no Instituto Nacional de Ciência e Tecnologia em Democracia Digital (INCT.DD). Professor permanente do Programa de Pós-Graduação em Comunicação e Cultura Contemporâneas (PósCom) da UFBA.

Tatiana Dourado, Instituto Nacional de Ciência e Tecnologia em Democracia Digital, Salvador, Bahia, Brasil

Doutora em Comunicação e Cultura Contemporâneas pela Universidade Federal da Bahia. Pesquisadora bolsista na Diretoria de Análise de Política Pública na Fundação Getulio Vargas (FGV DAPP). Professora associada ao Instituto Nacional de Ciência e Tecnologia em Democracia Digital (INCT.DD). 

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Publicado
10-09-2020
Como Citar
Dominguez, M., Barros, S., & Dourado, T. . (2020). A esquerda brasileira e a percepção dos efeitos das fake news. E-Compós. https://doi.org/10.30962/ec.2113
Seção
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